There is a lot of information available to address these questions. The following are frequently ranked as the most valuable resources (and all are FREE) for learning grant writing basics. I’ve organized them by Federal and non-Federal/Foundation sources for your reference.
Federal Grant Writing Resources
Grant Writing Tip Sheets Includes general grant-writing tutorials and specific information about applying for National Institutes of Health (NH) grants
Developing And Writing Grant Proposals By the staff of the Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance.
EPA Tips on Writing Grant Proposals Tips and resources for writing competitive grants and preparing a budget. Tips are tailored for those seeking EPA funds but can be generalized to a wider audience
Grants.gov: Applicant Resources Includes a glossary of terminology, links to application packages, grantmaking agencies, types of grants, and more
Non-Federal and Foundation Grant Writing Resources
Nonprofit Guides: Grant Writing Tools for Nonprofit Organizations Includes sample grant proposal, inquiry letter, proposed budget, applications and links to grantwriting resources
The Foundation Center’s Proposal Writing Short Course Free, online course
The Foundation Center’s Proposal Budgeting Basics Free, online course
Foundation Center Webinars on Proposal Writing Basics Free; must register in advance
The Foundation Center’s Guide to Proposal Writing, 5th ed. – An Audio Book! Free audio book from the Foundation Center.
GrantProposals.com Check out the right-hand side bar for information on the elements of a proposal, general guidelines, and steps to take before writing your proposal
Writing a successful grant proposal The Minnesota Council on Foundations created this detailed outline of a grant proposal