I received the above text not long ago which reminded me that even though the NIH Guide for Public Access became effective in 2008, many researchers continue to struggle with the use of PMCID numbers when preparing NIH grant applications. When you have some time, you are encouraged to read the guide for a detailed explanation of PMCID number usage.
Essentially, the NIH Public Access Policy ensures that the public has access to the published results of NIH funded research. It requires scientists to submit final peer-reviewed journal manuscripts that arise from NIH funds to the digital archive PubMed Central immediately upon acceptance for publication. The Policy requires that these papers are accessible to the public on PubMed Central no later than 12 months after publication.
That said, I realize most folks aren’t inclined to peruse NIH policy in their limited free time. Consequently, I am providing answers to the PMCID questions I frequently receive in the wee hours of the morning (prime grant writing time) as well as reminders about use for your consideration and future reference.
When do I need PMCID numbers?
When you write an NIH (1) application, (2) proposal, or (3) progress report AND you cite a peer-reviewed manuscript (accepted on or after April 7, 2008) that:
- you authored or co-authored
- arose from your NIH award, AND
- is covered by the NIH Public Access Policy
What sections in NIH grant applications require PMCID numbers?
- Bibliography/References Cited
- BIosketch– check out my post including a sample NIH Biosketch for details. Most folks do not realize PMCIDs are required on all NIH Biosketches included in your application. Yes, that means your co-PIs need to include them as well.
What is the difference between PMCID and PMID?
How does my paper get submitted to PubMed Central?
There are four methods to ensure that an applicable paper is submitted to PubMed Central (PMC) in compliance with the NIH Public Access Policy. Authors may use whichever method is most appropriate for them and consistent with their publishing agreement. NIH provides a table summarizing the Overview of Submission Methods.
I have the PMIDs. Can I convert those to PMCIDs? Use the PMCID-PMID-Manuscript ID-doi converter.
How do I include PMCIDs in citations? Check out NIH instruction on PMCIDs in citations.
Other questions you may have should be addressed at NIH Public Access FAQ.